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When On A Date
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The best way to apply paint is by airbrushing. It takes less time, and, come off it; we humans are totally all about making things a bit easier. But when you do use the air brush technique can be sort of tricky. So, here are some steps for air brushing that you should keep in mind!
When and How to Use
There are a few circumstances in which you might use an air brush. One time when you would use this is when you have large areas to fill in. Another would be when you have thin lines. Many use this when they are mixing their colors as well to give it just the right tone. Start out with a single layered airbrush. This is easier to use until you have had practice with your models. The next things you’ll want to keep in mind are the air compressors. They can be tricky so make sure you really read up on them. A lot of airbrushes come with diaphragms that teach you how to use them. Make sure you test it on other things before your models. It can get tricky. Of course, there’s the obvious precaution of making sure you have plenty of ventilation too. Other safety precautions are wearing a mask over your mouth and goggles as well. For those of you who hate to get your clothes dirty, you can buy lab type coats to wear.
The paints should match up as well as possible; you might need a primer too. The model kit should tell you in the instructions what you need. To avoid catching any areas you don’t want spray painted, here are a few tips. First of all, use tape to tape off a boundary edge. Don’t spray at an angle. This is how you get the paint underneath the tape. However, if you do get it under the tape and want to get it off, rubbing alcohol always helps to remove paint.
Finding the Right Paint and Equipment
Before you go to mix paint so that the colors look authentic, try craft stores. Sometimes they carry those colors already mixed and ready for you to use. A tip to keep in mind is that most of the modern day kits use water based acrylics.
After you learn how to use the airbrush, it will go really quickly on the projects that you are working on. This takes time, as it would with anything new you use. You just have to have a bit of patience and some practice. There are many types of airbrushes and while one can suggest one thing in an article, only you know what you are ready to handle. Go to the store and pick up an airbrush. The sales people can help you pick out the perfect one. One type may do a better job in some instances, and another is better for other projects. It’s just that everyone prefers something over another thing and who better to help you than the ones who are getting paid to help you? This is especially true if this is your first ever time.
Simply put, they just plain last longer. They’re more durable, and the dog won’t want to chew on it!
How many times have you bought plastic toy
The thing is, plastic is cheaper and easier when it comes to mass production, so more and more, it’s becoming the choice material to create toy
If you were a gearhead as a kid, you probably still have some of your die cast
Besides which, the fact remains that diecast toy cars are usually much cooler.
Hot Wheels diecast, for example. If you remember playing with Hot Wheels growing up, you remember how cool those cars were. Some of those 1:64 scale diecast toys served as surprisingly accurate replicas of real cars, while others were really neat little concept cars that were simply too crazy to ever be put into production, or indeed, even presented as a concept car to a major car design firm.
But if you’re talking about making toy cars, the sky is the limit, so we’ve seen all sorts of cool Hot Wheels shaped like dragons, scorpions and snakes, cars with machine guns and missile launchers mounted on them, and cars with way more rear wheels than any compact sports car could ever possibly need for any reason. And they’re all diecast, because Hot Wheels has it together and they know that diecast toy cars last longer, and more importantly, that they’re more fun to play with. They roll smoother, they look cooler and they just plain make for better toys, overall.
In other words, a diecast toy car is the sort of thing you can pass on to the next generation, where a plastic toy car is the sort of thing you can usually pass on to the trash can about a week after you’ve opened it.
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An escort has to interact with strangers all the time. Be it a party, or a date, or chat over the phone, they are always around people. Independent Escorts In Bangalore It can be hard and challenging to keep an emotional barrier between you and your clients. As hard as it may be, it is always important to maintain that distance so that problems and worries of your client don’t start bothering you. If you start getting emotionally, invested in all your clients, then it will take a toll on your mental health.
Keep A Distance
It is said that a professional escort always stays emotionally detached from her clients. But staying detached doesn’t mean staying ignorant of your clients and their problems. The job of an escort is to empathize with her clients, interacting with clients and trying to understand them. If you want to know a person, you have to give all your attention and time to that person. The pretty young Bangalore Escort Service are determined to offer an outstanding experience to clients.
The Loneliness And Solitude
Most of the time when a person is hiring an escort for companionship, it means his life is full of solitude and lonesomeness. In that case, you need to make an effort to bring out the real person beneath all those sadness and loneliness. It is where the job gets difficult for the Bangalore Escorts. Being an escort doesn’t only mean looking pretty and partying with celebrities. When you are with a client, you need to make sure you keep him entertained and distracted from all his worries.
When On A Date
So if you are out on a date, choose some place nice and cozy, where two people can get to know each other. Not every person is the same, so you can’t expect the same thing from every client. You need to be patient with each of your client, and find out what they want. Make sure you spend a memorable and splendid time with each other. This way, next time they feel lonely, you will be the first person they call. It is also called client retention.
The amount of power you can get from your vehicles engine to the ground can be the limiting factor in how well your car performs on the road in slippery conditions. Owners of 4 wheel drive cars can attest to their superiority compared to the more common front wheel drive models usually found on American roadways. When it comes to maximum traction in less than ideal conditions it’s hard to beat a well engineered all wheel drive system like those found in Audi or Subaru cars.
Thankfully for those who live in regions given to inclement weather their has been a major expansion in the number and quality of all wheel drive models of all types in the model lineups of many auto makers. Where as four wheel drive systems in the past required more bulky hardware which added inefficiencies by default, modern 4×4 systems are typically nearly as adept at squeezing the maximum out of every gallon of fuel at their two wheel drive counterparts. Of course there is usually still a price premium to contend with if you are looking to buy an all wheel drive model.
Audi is considered a pioneer in the AWD vehicle market and has included their Quattro drive system on many models since the 1980s. If you are in the market for a good used all wheel drive vehicle it would probably be worth your time to check out the Audi lineup to see what might fit your needs.
Probably their most popular models are the A4 and A6 sedans and you can find any number of these cars for affordable prices in the pre-owned market. If you are looking for a small, fuel-efficient car that can get you around in slick winter conditions and maintain maximum traction on wet roads the A4 would be a great place to start. To pick a model year as an example let’s look at the 2002 model A4. It features a turbocharged 1.8 liter engine that puts out 170 horsepower. Not earth shaking, but nice for a small car especially since the torque curve starts low at just under 2000 rotations per minute. Of course the best thing is that this car is equipped with the Quattro AWD system and you can still expect to get over thirty miles per gallon during highway driving. According to KBB you can expect to get one of these 2002 models in great condition for around $8,000.
If you need more space than the A4 has or just want more power you could move up the Audi model lineup and look at the popular A6 which is also an all wheel drive model and comes with either a 220 HP 3.0 liter V6, 250 horsepower 2.7 liter turbo-charged V6 or a big 4.2 liter V8 that puts out 300 horsepower. Naturally the model for the fuel economy minded driver is the 3.0 liter V6 but if your primary focus is on the traction system any of the models will suit your needs. Although the V8 model may bring more you should be able to find a great 2002 model year A6 for under $9,000.
So there are your two suggestions to get you started in your 4 wheel drive car search. You can branch out and explore other models from other auto makers or you could even look into the full size Audi A8 or if your budget allows move up into more recent model years if they have features you would like and are willing to pay more for.
For more than four decades, the Franklin mint has created treasured collectibles and works of fine art that have touched the lives of people throughout the world. From dolls and games to die cast models, the Mint’s gifted artisans craft keepsakes that can be passed down through the generations.
One such line of collectibles that bring joy to auto aficionados everywhere are their line of diecast cars. These exquisitely detailed models are collectible pieces of automobile history, representing all of the classic manufacturers and their iconic vehicles. So while most car lovers won’t have the chance to own their own classic Corvette or Mustang, the Franklin mint has a diecast model with all of their details intact. Sure, you won’t be able to take it around the block for a spin, but it’s the next best thing to owning the real thing.
The Franklin Mint’s line of diecast cars covers both domestic and foreign vehicle classics. On the domestic side, the big manufacturers such as Chevy, Ford, Plymouth and Cadillac are all well represented.
For Chevy, it is impossible ignore the Mint’s Corvette diecast models. Their 1965 Corvette Stingray is a perfect representation of this classic vehicle in all its glory. The mint captures all of the car’s details, down to the bulge hood, flip-up headlights and hinged fuel cap. Plus, any car aficionado will swoon with just one look at the recreation of the Corvette’s 396 Turbo Big Jet Block engine. The Franklin Mint’s 1965 Corvette Stingray is hand crafted with a body made from real fiberglass, just like the real version. Also, just like the real vehicle, there are a limited number of these models being made for sale worldwide.
With Ford, The Franklin Mint pays homage to a variety of different classic Mustangs from the 1960’s to the present, but it is their model of the 1965 Shelby Mustang that stands out from the pack. This precision engineered 1:24 scale replica is authentic in every detail, from the blue striping to the roaring 289 HiPo V-8 Shelby Cobra engine. The hood is even made of fiberglass, just like that of the actual car. Better still, every detail of the Franklin Mint’s replica of the 1965 Shelby Mustang has been authenticated by Carol Shelby himself.
The Franklin Mint’s line of Plymouth diecast model cars fittingly pays tribute to their line of 1970’s muscle cars, with the 1971 Plymouth ‘Cuda 440 Six Pack. Though this car technically ended the muscle car era, today it stands as a cult classic that is one of the most sought after muscle cars to own. Thankfully, the Franklin Mint has created a replica of this vehicle that is the next best thing to the real car. The Cuda got its “Six Pack” moniker from the trio of two-barrel carburetors fitted to the 440cid engine. This car also has a distinctive grille, “fender gills” and quad headlamps. Hand-painted Triple Black, all of these elements are recreated in the Franklin Mint’s model, making it possible to share the legend of the ‘Cuda with your family for years to come.
Another iconic brand that has always been considered an American Classic is the Cadillac. Nowadays, we think of the Escalade as the symbol of luxury and the embodiment of the American dream. But back in the 1950’s it was all about Elvis and the legendary pink Cadillac. Fittingly, the Franklin Mint has a replica of just that. The 1955 Cadillac Fleetwood was as much of a social statement as it was a thing of beauty. It was a symbol of success for Elvis that exuded his over-the-top rock ‘n roll persona. The Franklin Mint’s replica Cadillac Fleetwood is modeled after the car Elvis gave his mama. It features over 175 hand-assembled components including operating features as well as Elvis’ favorite guitar: the Martin D28.
For fans of foreign sports cars, the Franklin Mint has models of the Lamborghini Gallardo Superleggera and the Porsche 997 GT3 that will have speed demons licking their chops with envy. The Mint’s 1:18 scale diecast replica of the Lamborghini Gallardo Superleggera comes in Nero Noctis/Metallic Black and features a workable steering wheel and opening doors, trunk and hood. It also has a detailed undercarriage and engine compartment.
The Porsche 997 GT3 RS Black Die-cast Model is a 1:12 scale precision replica of the actual Porsche 997 GT3 RS “warp speed” vehicle; the most successful selling 911 in the company’s history. The model version features 448 separate metal and plastic parts that include photo-etched planes, metal wiring, screws and nuts. Though you can’t take this replica for a 187 mph joy ride, the details in this model will make you proud to own such a high quality collectible.
The idea of surprising the auto aficionado in your life with their dream vehicle this holiday season mostly exists only in car commercials. But thanks to the Franklin Mint’s diecast auto replicas, the dream can be a reality. Though the reality is on a noticeably smaller scale, the details and craftsmanship in the Franklin Mint’s models will make them a gift that your loved ones will cherish for years to come.
As well as model choices, the extra features of each vehicle type should also be considered in your selection. What kind of engine do you need? Petrol, diesel, or hybrid power? Do you need economy or hauling power? What type of transmission – automatic, manual or auto-manual? How about sound systems, air-conditioning, and optional upholstery? The basic vehicle package often won’t include many optional extras that you want, so you may have to outlay more money to ensure you get the features you want.
Economy or Small
Economy Crossover – These vehicle models have a more functional body type – think “station wagon”. They generally have a good fuel mileage, and can carry four or five passengers as well as stow some gear. Economy Crossover’s are more costly that the economy small car, but are a lot more functional.
Compact SUV – These cars are designed for more rugged use. The compact SUV often has four-wheel-drive and can handle less than favorable road conditions, but are not designed for heavy off-road use. There are some trade-offs in fuel economy and higher base prices when compared to crossovers or small cars.
Mid-sized Coupe or Sedan – The Coupe has bigger dimensions, more interior space, more comfort for passengers and better for longer trips. This model can be economical with appropriate engine and transmission choices. The base models will often have more accessories and luxury features but the cost is generally higher than more compact
Mid-sized SUV – This is like the compact SUV, but with larger dimensions and is more appropriate for off-road usage, towing and other heavy-duty activities. The mid-sized SUV can comfortably carry four of five passengers and their gear on long distance trips. The big downside of the mid-sized SUV is the fuel consumption – particularly as we see fuel prices and global warming concerns on the rise.
People Movers – these van-types of vehicles have large interior spaces and generally seat five to eight passengers, plus storage space. The People Mover is suitable for longer trips or transporting the kids’ sports teams and all their equipment. Again they are not as economical as the small car, but they are far more appropriate for large families or frequent transportation of groups.
Sports Cars – Small, high-performance vehicles that usually only carry two people comfortably, but can sometimes carry up to four. Sports cars have minimal storage space and are a fun drive for the auto enthusiast, but are not that practical for a family.
Die-cast toys are created using a popular industrial production method. Molten metal is forced into mold cavities, which are then turned into die castings. Most castings use non-ferrous metals like lead, pewter, copper, magnesium, zinc, aluminum, and tin. The method is prized for its accuracy and quality, specifically with regard to small parts. Though it is known for numerous applications, die-casting is famous for its contribution to the collectible model and toy markets.
Because of its incredible accuracy, die-casting is able to produce model toys that maintain dimensional consistency. That is, they are highly-detailed, much smaller scale replicas of the original vehicles, often a car, truck, train, plane, or motor cycle. Models are typically made from one of the aforementioned metals along with rubber, plastic, and sometimes glass.
Die-cast models first became popular in the early 20th century. Companies like Dinky Toys (UK) and Tootsies Toys (US) produced simple miniatures of popular vehicles types like the van and the bus. Many of these toys were made with cheap alloys that would crack after only a few years, which is why die-cast models made before the Second World War are hard to find. The problem was addressed with the introduction of a new, purer alloy called Zamak (mostly Zinc).
When the war ended, a British manufacturing company named Lesney began distributing die-cast toys on a large scale. One of their first lines of miniature vehicles became an instant hit. They called the set Matchbox and sold them in different series. For example, the Matchbox 1-75 line had 75 different vehicles in the series. The point was to try to collect them all. They were called “matchbox cars” because they were sold in small boxes that resembled matchboxes.
The Matchbox line of cars and vehicles was largely responsible for the popularity of die-cast toys and collectibles during the 1950s. Though they were a worldwide hit, most die-cast companies were located in either the U.K. or the U.S. By the end of the Fifties, die-cast companies were competing in a crowded marketplace.
The popularity of the die-cast miniatures showed no signs of waning through the 1960s. In fact, a new line of model vehicles from toy maker Mattel challenged Matchbox as the world’s top die-cast toys. They were called Hot Wheels and they were a sleeker, more stylish alternative to the twenty-year-old Matchbox line.
At the same time, companies began to produce new die-cast vehicles to give away to clients as promotional items. A major shift in the target audience occurred when industry insiders reported that some adults were purchasing these models as collectibles. Many of them had played with miniature models as children and they were willing to spend considerable sums of money on replicas.
Unlike plastic model kits, most die-cast vehicles come preassembled. Their price is often based on their size or scale. For example, the typical Matchbox or Hot Wheels car is 1:64 scale and quite affordable. By comparison, a larger model like the 1:12 scale is not intended for children. Often about 14 or 15 inches long, their level of detail is unparalleled in the die-cast model market. This typically means real glass in the windows, rubber in the tires, and an incredibly realistic interior. Let us take a moment to review our favorite American models.
Since die-cast toys reached the height of their popularity during the 1950s, many of the most famous models are based on classic cars from the Fifties.
Elvis Presley’s 1955 Cadillac Fleetwood Pink
Few vehicles have had as much of an influence on music history as the 1955 Pink Cadillac owned by the King of Rock ‘n’ Roll. Not only did Elvis sing about the car in his own songs, but legendary vocalists like Aretha Franklin and Bruce Springsteen have taken a turn. The car was famously painted pink (Cadillac did not offer the car in that color) and was given from Elvis to his mother Gladys as a gift shortly before she died. It is the only one of Elvis’s many cars on permanent display at his former home, Graceland.
When it comes to die-cast models, the Franklin Mint released a gorgeous replica with steerable wheels, rubber tires, and a detailed interior and engine compartment. The model is 1:24 scale and is comes with a miniature guitar. It can be found online for around one hundred dollars.
1957 Chevy Corvette Convertible
In addition to being one of the most eye-catching automobiles of the decade, the ’57 Chevrolet Corvette was also one of the fastest cars on the road. It was the premier sports car of its day with two-seats, a four-speed transmission, and an enormous 283 cubic inch fuel-injected engine. The Corvette was available in both hardtop and folding soft top versions. Most surprising of all, perhaps, was the incredible influence the model had considering its scarcity. Fewer than 6400 until were manufactured. The car remains one of the most sought after die-cast models on the market.
1959 Chevy Impala
With its gull-wing rear-fender, tear drop tail lights, white-wall tires, and distinctive tailfins, few cars say 1950s America like the ’59 Chevy Impala. Not only was it Chevrolet’s most expensive model, but it was also the bestselling automobile in the U.S. It is no wonder then that Impala is one of the most popular die-cast models in history. The 1:18 scale version is easy enough to find online and only costs thirty or forty dollar. The larger and more detailed 1:12 scale model, on the other hand, is much pricier and harder to find.
The idea that die cast
Anyway, contrast these collectibles with Beanie Babies, which turned out to be a fad. Nowadays you see them mainly in thrift shops, not in display cases or mounted on lamp stands. You do see die cast cars in thrift shops, but they are segregated and individually priced, not thrown in with other small toys as the cute little baby animals are.
Die cast has traditionally meant being made of metal of one sort of another, or a combination of metals, forced into a mold while molten, with much pressure to fill the mold and to allow the metal to harden. Today you can also have die cast (or diecast, since the terms are used interchangeably) plastic cars. The metal ones are the collectible ones of choice, it seems, although early plastics have definitely become collectible, so who knows?
The models are still being enthusiastically made, and the age of the model does not seem to automatically raise the price. As in the original, actual car, the appeal is in the eye of the beholder. A
It may also be as close as you will ever get to owning a Ferrari, say, or a Lamborghini. If you really always wanted one, somebody is sure to give you a model for Christmas sooner or later. If you really rate, it may be a premium model with doors that open, a steering wheel that turns not only itself but the wheels as well, and a working suspension. If your friends really get carried away, they may get you one with a working internal combustion engine, although they are venturing close to the toy line here.
As in all collecting, it is wise to focus. You may want to start with police cars, with all the versions of the Batmobile, with cars from famous movies, or from the era of history that interests you most. The choice of models in all these categories and more is very large, and there are many manufacturers who used to and/or are still making these small vehicles.
It can turn into a hobby, too; you may want to put your cars into display cases and hang them on the wall, but you may want to restore them, airbrushing on bright, glossy colors, or set them in dioramas with little, die cast gangsters or carhops or service men just the right scale to match.
“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” – Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare.
Shakespeare may have written “What’s in a name?”, but according to auto manufacturers, the answer is “Lots!” That may be the reason why they release the same vehicle under different names in different markets. Like “letting go” for “firing” and “restructuring” for “layoffs”, this act too has a trendy name, or if you would have it, a euphemism – “badge engineering.” This practice is also known as “twinning” – creating twins of existing models.
If you consider yourself a car expert who can recognize one from a distance of half a mile, you may be in for a surprise the next time you visit a different country. The Chevrolet Optra you own may turn out to have quite a different name in Australia – Holden Viva, as a matter of fact. Move several thousand miles from Down Under to Far East and the same car is the Buick Excelle in China. Confused? Don’t be. You are experiencing the promotional strategy called badge engineering. We’ll try to explain why it exists in the first place.
Let’s start with an analogy: suppose you are a loyal supporter of the Notre Dame football team. Granted they are not doing very well of late, but you continue to support them, as do many others, hoping for a turnaround (this is assuming you are not a fan of Notre Dame’s traditional rivals like Michigan or USC). This is what marketers would call “brand royalty.” Therefore, if a marketer wants you to like a player, all he has to do is dress him up in the jersey of the Notre Dame team, and you will like the player by association with your favorite brand.
Extend this to automobiles. Suppose a manufacturer has two brands, A and B, in two different markets, X and Y. If a car of brand A is doing well in X, the manufacturer may consider introducing it in Y. But A has no presence in Y, where B has considerable brand royalty. In such a situation, it makes business sense to change the car brand from A to B before introducing it in Y.
Brand loyalty is not the only determinant behind having different names for the same car. Cost and time considerations also come into play. Often it makes more economic sense to expand the market for a tried and tested product than to design and manufacture a completely new one. And badge engineering is not restricted to having different names for the same car in different markets; sometimes, it may be implemented in the same market to target different market segments.
No discussion on badge engineering is complete without the mention of General Motors. Historically, GM has had several different brands under its wing, and has often implemented this strategy to expand the ranges of different brands in one market such as selling a single car as a Chevrolet, a Pontiac, and a Buick within the US. Sometimes, they are differentiated by certain characteristics usually associated with that brand. For example, Chevrolet customers expect tighter steering and suspension, whereas Buick customers expect a softer, more luxurious ride.
Also, GM has sold the same model under different names in different markets depending on brand loyalty and consumer perception. For example, when GM took over Daewoo’s passenger car division after the Korean company filed bankruptcy, it continued with the Daewoo brand in its home country. However, in Australia, Daewoo models were branded as Holdens while they were named as part of the Chevrolet brand in most other markets like India. That is why cars like the Daewoo Matiz hatchback became the Chevrolet Spark in India.
Badge engineering is not restricted only to big manufacturers with large portfolios. Sometimes, two companies cooperate to implement this strategy, either by trading off products that each brand lacks in its lineup or by pooling their resources to create a joint product, and then selling it individually. The third cooperative method is when one company allows another company, otherwise unaffiliated, to market a revised version of its product.
An example of the first method is the deal that was signed between Honda and Isuzu in the early 1990s. As a result of this agreement, the Honda Odyssey was branded as an Isuzu Oasis because Isuzu needed a minivan, while the Isuzu Rodeo was sold as the Honda Passport because Honda wanted an SUV in its portfolio. It is noteworthy that, to date, the Oasis is the only minivan ever to be sold by Isuzu.
An example of the second method is the 26-year marriage between General Motors and Toyota that led to the birth of New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. (NUMMI). While GM saw it as an opportunity to learn about Toyota’s legendary manufacturing processes (JIT, kaizen, etc), Toyota welcomed this venture for allowing it to gain a foothold in the American market. The first plant was opened in 1986 and closed earlier this year, but the products that were created by NUMMI can still be seen on the roads today. These include Toyota Corolla/Chevrolet Prizm and the Toyota Matrix/Pontiac Vibe. Another example would be the cooperation between Ford and Volkswagen that resulted in such cars as the VW Sharan, Ford Galaxy, and SEAT Alhambra.
An example of the third method of cooperative badge engineering is the Volkswagen Routan, which is simply a re-branded Dodge Caravan. Ford also entered into an agreement with Chrysler to sell the same car in a luxury trim as the Chrysler Town and Country. So, basically, the Dodge Caravan, the Volkswagen Routan and the Chrysler Town and Country are the same car.
A place where you can expect to see badge engineering is the luxury segment where a manufacturer may not have many brands in its portfolio, but has at least one mainstream and one premium brand. In such cases, a model from the mainstream line is often decked up with luxury items and improved electronics, and then sold as a model of the premium brand. Some may argue that the two models are different due to the changes made, even if cosmetic, but this is an argument that cannot be easily resolved.
Examples include the Lexus ES, which is simply a luxurious Toyota Camry, and the Acura TSX, which can be considered a premium Honda Accord. Even GM, whose Cadillac brand is considered a luxury brand and Chevrolet a mainstream line, has the Cadillac Escalade heavily based on the Chevrolet Tahoe.
In conclusion, as always, be knowledgeable about what you buy. Or as the ancients would say, “Caveat Emptor!” (Latin: Let the buyer beware).